By Ricardo M. Marte
Marte assessments a version of adolescent challenge behaviors derived from Bronfenbrenner s (1979) version of human improvement and Jessor and Jessor s (1977) challenge habit conception. The structural version used to be validated between a pattern of 1286 rural and concrete eighth grade scholars, throughout 5 western states. Marte s effects point out that relatives clash and parental tracking partly mediated the impression of local probability on kids participation in delinquency, drug use, and competitive behaviors. In flip, teenagers skill to regulate their anger mediated the effect of kinfolk clash on their participation in challenge behaviors.
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Additional resources for Adolescent Problem Behaviors: Delinquency, Aggression, and Drug Use
3 illustrates how components of PBT can be interpreted as different ecological systems as defined by Bronfenbrenner. For example, the personality system in PBT can be subsumed under the Bartols’ infrasystem as they share basic assumptions about the perceived environment and the constructs of personality. Two defining features of the Bartols’ infrasystem include the combination of genes, beliefs, and schema to form personality, as well as the mediating role personality then plays between other ecological systems and behavior.
Zimmerman and Arunkumar (1994) define resiliency as “fending off maladaptive responses to risk and their potential negative consequences” (p. 2), whereas Gamerzy and Masten (1991) view resilience as “a process of, capacity for, or the outcome of, successful adaptation despite challenging and threatening circumstances” (p. 459). Thus, resiliency research focuses on delineating protective factors and processes that foster normative behaviors or minimize negative Theoretical Framework and Model Development 51 outcomes “in the presence of risk” (Bronfenbrenner, 1979; Zimmerman & Arunkumar, 1994).
On the other hand, lower-class gang members, who were viewed as delinquent, incorporated this perception into their self-images by purposefully behaving offensively in public and seeking out other delinquents. In a study of 96 adjudicated and 105 nonadjudicated males, Hepburn (1977) found that, compared to nondelinquents, delinquent males had a lower self-concept, identified themselves as delinquent, intended to remain delinquent and seek similar others, and disdained police. However, when Hepburn controlled for socioeconomic status and self-reported delinquency between both groups, he found no relation between incarceration and low self-concept.