By David Levinson
An exam and comparability of the ways that varied cultures convey and unravel clash. seems to be at a variety of varieties of aggression between participants and teams, together with relatives violence, capital punishment, animal cruelty and rites of initiation, and on the resolutions tried.
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Additional resources for Aggression and Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia (Encyclopedias of the Human Experience)
It is often the case, however, that for some time both systems operate, with the indigenous people making heavy use of their traditional mechanisms in order to settle disputes locally and not involve colonial officials. See also ADVISORS; APOLOGY; AVOIDANCE AND WITHDRAWAL; BLOOD MONEY; COUNCILS; FEUDING; MEDIATION; SELF-HELP CONFLICT RESOLUTION; OATHS; ORDEALS. Koch, Klaus, and J. A. Sodergren. " Law and Society Review 10: 443-466. Newman, Katherine S. (1983) Law and Economic Organization: A Comparative Study of Preindustrial Societies.
Confining and displaying animals in zoos and aquariums; the use of animals in scientific experiments or medical research; and the sacrifice of animals in religious rituals. While some individuals consider some or all of these as examples of cruelty to animals, only in a few cultures are all of these activities prohibited. Institutionalized cruelty can also be defined more narrowly to include culturally acceptable practices that center on the purposeful physical harm of animals for the noneconomic benefit of human beings.
F. (1949) The Kalingas. , and Melvin Ember. " Behavior Science Research 26:169-226. Ingersoll, Jasper C. (1969) The Priest and the Path: An Analysis of the Priest Role in a Central Thai Village. Messing, Simon D. (1957) The HighlandPlateau Amhara of Ethiopia. D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. , et al. (1987) Outline of Cultural Materials. 5th edition. Russell, Elbert W. " Behavior Science Notes 7: 275-312. Seymour-Smith, Charlotte. (1986) Dictionary of Anthropology. Cruelty to animals is not a topic that has been subject to systematic crosscultural study, although there are mentions in ethnographic reports of how animals are treated in some cultures.