Environmental Noise Barriers: A Guide to their Visual and by B. Kotzen

By B. Kotzen

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Extra info for Environmental Noise Barriers: A Guide to their Visual and Acousitic Design

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Bunds versus screens Visual considerations, space or the availability of spoil will often dictate that earth mounds or bunds are used as barriers, particularly in rural areas.

Confirm the need for a barrier before proceeding further. {Objectives should be set at the start of the process. If barriers are not required proceed no further. Although the locations and heights of barriers can now be defined for acoustic reasons, a knowledge of Stage E is required for the determination of landscape barriers. Consider other 30 Environmental noise barriers: a guide to their acoustic and visual design solutions including noise-absorptive pavements and insulation. } E. Assess landscape or townscape character Identify the main features of the locality that could influence the range of barrier solutions considered, drawing on the landscape assessment for the route.

Gallacher, J. E. , and Elwood, P. C. (1988) ‘Traffic noise and cardiovascular risk. The Caerphilly study, first phase. Outdoor noise levels and risk factors’, Archives of Environmental Health, 43(6), 407–414. 23. , Kruppa, B. and Wiens, D. (1994) ‘The incidence of myocardial infarction and its relation to road traffic noise – the Berlin case-control studies’, Environmental Health, 20(4), 469–474. 24. , Elwood, P. , Sharp, D. S. and Bainton, D. (1994) Archives of Environmental Health, 48(6), 406–413.

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