Epistemology and Probability: Bohr, Heisenberg, Schrödinger, by Arkady Plotnitsky

By Arkady Plotnitsky

Quantum mechanics, chanced on via Werner Heisenberg and Erwin Schrödinger in 1925-1926, is known for its radical implications for our notion of physics and for our view of human wisdom regularly. whereas those implications were obvious as scientifically effective and intellectually releasing to a couple, Niels Bohr and Heisenberg, between them, they've been tricky to many others, together with Schrödinger and, such a lot famously, Albert Einstein. the placement ended in the serious debate that began within the wake of its discovery and has persevered into our personal time, without finish showing to be in sight.

Epistemology and likelihood goals to give a contribution to our figuring out of quantum mechanics and of the explanations for its impressive effect through reconsidering, less than the rubric of "nonclassical epistemology," the character of epistemology and chance, and their relationships in quantum conception. The ebook brings jointly the concept of the 3 figures so much answerable for the increase of quantum mechanics—Heisenberg and Schrödinger, at the actual aspect, and Bohr, at the philosophical side—in order to improve a deeper feel of the actual, mathematical, and philosophical workings of quantum-theoretical pondering. Reciprocally, giving a different emphasis on likelihood and in particular to the Bayesian inspiration of chance permits the ebook to realize new insights into the idea of those figures. The booklet reconsiders, from this attitude, the Bohr-Einstein debate at the epistemology of quantum physics and, specifically, bargains a brand new therapy of the recognized scan of Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR), and of the Bohr-Einstein trade about the topic. It additionally addresses the correct facets of quantum details conception and considers the consequences of its epistemological argument for higher-level quantum theories, comparable to quantum box idea and string and brane theories. one of many major contributions of the ebook is its research of the function of arithmetic in quantum thought and within the taking into consideration Bohr, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger, particularly an exam of the hot (vis-� -vis classical physics and relativity) kind of the relationships among arithmetic and physics brought by means of Heisenberg during his discovery of quantum mechanics.

Although Epistemology and chance is geared toward physicists, philosophers and historians of technological know-how, and graduate and complex undergraduate scholars in those fields, it's also written with a broader viewers in brain and is out there to readers unexpected with the higher-level arithmetic utilized in quantum concept.

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Additional resources for Epistemology and Probability: Bohr, Heisenberg, Schrödinger, and the Nature of Quantum-Theoretical Thinking

Sample text

Accordingly, such objects could be effectively considered not only as thinkable (which defines Kant’s noumena) but also as, in principle, knowable, even if indirectly, and in any event available to physical modeling, which could, through its descriptive idealization, enable excellent predictions concerning the observed phenomena and, hence, of the behavior of the objects considered. This view represents what Schrodinger called the ‘‘classical ideal’’ in physics ¨ (Schrodinger 1935a, QTM, p. 152).

3 Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete? Bohr’s Argument . . . . . . . 4 Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Local? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268 Essential Ambiguity and Essential Influence: Reading Bohr’s Reply to EPR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Framing the Argument. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Measurement and Complementarity . . . . .

4 xxxi Epistemology Without Ontology . . . . . . . . . . . Probability Without Causality . . . . . . . . . . . . 327 336 Conclusion: ‘‘The Mere Touch of Cold Philosophy’’ . . . . . . . 353 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369 Name Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379 Subject Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383 11 Abbreviations MR: PWNB: QTM: SQM: J.

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