Ethnic Conflict: A Global Perspective by Stefan Wolff

By Stefan Wolff

Why is it that Catholics and Protestants in Northern eire were in perpetual clash for thirty years after they can reside and prosper jointly in other places? Why used to be there a bloody civil warfare in Bosnia and Herzegovina whilst Croats, Serbs, and Muslims had lived peacefully side-by-side for many years? Why did not anyone see and act upon the early symptoms of genocide in Rwanda that at last killed with reference to one million humans in a question of weeks? what's it that makes Kashmir possibly worthy a nuclear warfare among India and Pakistan? In Ethnic clash, Stefan Wolff attracts upon eye witness tales, reviews via Human Rights agencies, theories of clash and clash administration, and his personal lengthy adventure in operating to unravel ethnic clash to provide compelling solutions to those questions. lately infrequently an afternoon has passed by while ethnic clash in a few a part of the realm has no longer made headline information. The violence desirous about those conflicts maintains to destabilize complete areas, bog down social and financial improvement, and reason unbelievable human affliction. Wolff is going past superficial media insurance of those crises to light up the vast similarities among ethnic conflicts all over the world and to have interaction the elemental query underlying all of them: why do nationalism and ethnicity nonetheless have such bad strength to show neighbor opposed to neighbor? Wolff additionally explores the crucial-and growing-links among ethnic clash and different protection demanding situations, reminiscent of terrorism and arranged crime. No factor is extra urgent on the planet this present day than the continuing and probably intractable tragedy of ethnic clash. Stefan Wolff's new booklet sheds very important new gentle on either the explanations and the aptitude suggestions to 1 of humanity's darkest behaviors.

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The conflict in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has, over time, involved several neighbouring countries, including Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda. The conflicts in the Balkans—Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia and Montenegro—are inseparably linked. The conflict in and over Nagorno-Karabakh has involved Azerbaijan and Armenia, and will not be resolved unless the two states find a mutually acceptable solution to their territorial dispute. Similarly, the disputed territory of Kashmir has been partitioned among China, India, and Pakistan, and the latter two have gone to war with each other four times since 1947.

Although not always as conflict prone as ethnic nationalism, civic nationalism may be discriminatory as well, if only in the sense that it does not acknowledge ethnic differences and thus potentially deprives members of ethnic communities other than a country’s dominant group from opportunities to preserve, express, and develop their distinct identities. Ethnicity and nationalism are not mutually exclusive concepts. In fact, there are only a few cases in which there are no clear links between the two.

Yet, because of its increasingly politicized nature, and the more contemporary meaning of ethnicity, and its implications for the relationships between people and between them and the states in which they live, definitions of ethnicity vary greatly and are hotly disputed among academics as well as among politicians. The definitional chaos that has engulfed the academic study of ethnicity and informed (and at times ill-informed) the public and policy debates on ethnicity and its political consequences may be intriguing in itself, but without a minimum of order it is not helpful to clarify what lies at the heart of ethnicity and if and how its core components relate to ethnic conflict.

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