By George Kingsley Zipf
2012 Reprint of 1949 variation. designated facsimile of the unique version, now not reproduced with Optical popularity software program. the main of least attempt is a huge conception that covers varied fields from evolutionary biology to website layout. It postulates that animals, humans, even good designed machines will clearly decide upon the trail of least resistance or "effort". this can be maybe top recognized or at the least documented between researchers within the box of library and data technological know-how. Their precept states that a knowledge looking consumer will are inclined to use the handiest seek procedure, the least bit exacting mode to be had. info looking habit stops once minimally applicable effects are chanced on. This idea holds precise whatever the user's skillability as a searcher, or their point of topic services. the primary of least attempt is comparable to the trail of least resistance. the main used to be studied via linguist George Kingsley Zipf, writer of this vintage remedy of the topic. He theorized that the distribution of observe use was once as a result tendency to speak successfully with least attempt and this idea is named Zipf's legislations.
Read Online or Download Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort PDF
Best ecology books
During this sequence of essays, Murray Bookchin balances his ecological and anarchist imaginative and prescient with the promising possibilities of a “post-scarcity” period. Technological advances in the course of the twentieth century have increased construction within the pursuit of company revenue on the cost of human want and ecological sustainability.
Among extremes of weather farther north and south, the thirty eighth North parallel line marks a temperate, heart range the place human societies have thrived because the starting of civilization. It divides North and South Korea, passes via Athens and San Francisco, and bisects Mono Lake within the jap Sierra Nevada, the place authors David and Janet Carle make their domestic.
The mangrove, seagrass and coral reef ecosystems are of paramount ecological significance yet have already gone through nice degradation, that's advancing at an alarming fee. If current traits proceed, the normal source foundation of the economic system and ecology of tropical coastal areas will quickly be ruined.
Additional info for Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort
And Wei Z. zhong, 1984, ''Hydrolysis of aldicarb, aldicarb sulfoxide, and aldicarb sulfone at ppb levels in aqueous media,'' J. Agric. Food Chem. 34 (4):714-719. 7 Aldicarb Sulfone, 15°C (well water) 2,431 243 420 77 Aldicarb Sulfone, 25°C About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted.
Groundwater contamination by aldicarb Aldicarb has been the focus of groundwater investigations in Wisconsin and Florida (discussed in Chapters 3 and 4, respectively) as well as in New York. However, nowhere has the groundwater contamination caused by aldicarb been more extensive and better documented than on Long Island. Between August 1979 and mid-March 1980, approximately 270 wells were sampled on eastern Long Island; of those sampled 45 were public, 214 were domestic, and 11 were irrigation wells.
With regard to agricultural chemicals, the regional WQCBs appear willing to work with growers to develop strategies to mitigate groundwater problems. However, while best management practices can be developed and recommended to growers, the WQCBs have no policing or enforcement mechanism. Management practices that could mitigate potential problems may not be followed by growers; in fact, it is suspected that label recommendations on application rates for pesticides are ignored by some growers. Nevertheless, the actions of rice growers in the Sacramento area— described under the subsection Best Management Practice for Pesticide Use— indicate that a combination of effective techniques and perceived need can lead to the adoption of management solutions.