Modern Japan: A Social and Political History (1st edition) by Elise K. Tipton

By Elise K. Tipton

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This textual content offers a concise and interesting advent to the social, cultural and political historical past of contemporary Japan. Key positive factors of this article comprise: complete assurance from the Tokugawa interval to the current day exact research of the social points of jap historical past new fabric on Japan's 'forgotten' histories: girls, labour stipulations and ethnic minorities. hugely available and obviously written, this publication is a wonderful middle textual content for college kids and students of eastern reports, background and Politics.

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Extra resources for Modern Japan: A Social and Political History (1st edition)

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4 This attitude, which manifested itself in various attempts to prevent the teaching or development of modern military techniques or armaments in the han, contributed to the atmosphere of suspicion and resentment being engendered by the Tempo¯ reforms. It led many domains to build up their ships in secret and to smuggle in manuals and foreign arms. The shogunate became exposed to more scathing criticism for its lack of military preparedness within a decade after its Tempo¯ reforms ended so ignominiously.

Hotta Masayoshi, who had become chief councillor in late 1855, hoped to save the shogunate’s face by obtaining the approval of the imperial court, but even his personal The mid-century crisis 27 visit to Kyoto and strong arguments for the treaty as a necessary condition for avoiding war failed dismally. Part of the reason for the failure was the court’s anti-foreign sentiment, which exclusionists like Tokugawa Nariaki were fortifying. In addition, however, there was its lack of political experience.

Men of spirit’ and the years of terror Most Japanese remained preoccupied with matters connected with daily living and the local region, but some members of the samurai class became increasingly interested in national issues and actively involved in seeking solutions to problems facing the country as a whole. The number of activists still remained small (perhaps around 100012), but came from lower ranks of the samurai class than in the past. Most conspicuous among the activists and having an impact disproportionate to their numbers were the shishi or ‘men of spirit’ who formed the so-called loyalist movement and terrorized the imperial capital of Kyoto during the late 1850s and early 1860s under the banner of ‘sonno¯ jo¯i’ (revere the emperor, expel the barbarians).

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