By V. Julliand, W. Martin-rosset
This book comprises the lawsuits of the first biannual ecu Workshop on Equine foodstuff. It contains outlines of the suggested allowances for equines for power and nitrogen meals consumption in a number of ecu international locations (France, Germany, Nordic nations and The Netherlands), the place INRA or NRC structures are used. those outlines are given as major stories. Secondly, the publication features a synthesis on consumption rules, that's additionally given as a prime file. eventually, the publication includes the mins of the various around tables carried out on power, nitrogen and consumption. a majority of these fabrics supply a great foundation for additional dialogue of the scope of the operating team on Equine food of the pony fee of the eu organization for Animal creation.
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Additional info for Nutrition Of The Performance Horse: Which System in Europe for Evaluating the Nutritional Requirements?
This loading (10 to 20%), can only be very approximate in the current state of knowledge. The reliability of these estimates has been tested through feeding trials carried out over 6- monthperiods at the National Riding School of Saumur, France (n = 80 horses), and at the Animal Technology Teaching Centre of Rambouillet, France (n = 24 horses of the equine section). The energy requirements were estimated as described above, and taking into account the body weight of horses and the work performed (duration, velocity).
For both types of exercises, consumption of carbohydrates is necessary to replete muscle and liver glycogen stores. The amount and timing of carbohydrate supply are of major concern to control the rate of glycogen repletion. , 1991). Conversely, increase in glycogen content of muscles (Kline and Albert, 1981) by offering incremental 53 proportions of starch in the diet before exercise is much more limited in horses than in human athletes (Wilmore and Freund Beau, 1984).
8 (figure 10). R. 72 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 time (mm) Figure 10. a. , 1991). b. Variation of respiratory rate (RR) with duration at trot 300 m/mn (from Pagan and Hintz 1991). g. endurance trials: 40 to 160 km run at 12-18 km/h) the oxydative catabolism still predominates (figure 10). The contribution of lipids to energy supply increases up to reach 10 times that of glycogen (Lindholm, 1979), while plasma lactate and ketone bodies concentrations remain low. At velocities above 300-400 m/min for trot and probably more for gallop, corresponding to 50% of V02 max, muscle fast twicht (FT) fibres are mobilized.