Properties of Lithium Niobate (Emis Datareviews Series, 28) by K.K. Wong

By K.K. Wong

Using lithium niobate in sign filtering in television units and video cassette recorders is definitely proven and it truly is discovering elevated software in optoelectronic modulation units in DWDM (dense wavelength department multiplexing) fibre optic platforms. a lot LiNbO3 learn has taken position lately. This totally illustrated quantity brings digital engineers, fabrics scientists and physicists updated by way of enlisting the services of energetic researchers and providing their thought of reports within the modular shape which characterises the Datareviews series.

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The establishment of Engineering and expertise is without doubt one of the world's major specialist societies for the engineering and know-how group. The IET publishes greater than a hundred new titles each year; a wealthy mixture of books, journals and magazines with a again catalogue of greater than 350 books in 18 assorted topic parts together with:

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TABLE 2 Properties of congruent (CLN) and stoichiometric (SLN) Fe-doped LN crystals. Curie temperature (0C) Fe concentration in the crystal (wt. 9 x IQ-7** Fe concentration: *300 wt. ppm, **150 wt. ppm. These results are clear evidence that non-stoichiometric defect control in lithium niobate crystals is of key importance for the improvement of their photorefractive properties. It is essential to continue the search for optimum conditions for growth of high quality single crystals from off-congruent compositions because Fe-doped stoichiometric LN has a great deal of potential for use as a holographic data storage material.

The thermal gradients are influenced by the insulation that is placed around the crucible and the space above. Secondary receptors (active after heaters) can be used to further reduce the gradients. Lithium niobate is a fragile crystal and has non-isotropic thermal expansion coefficients. Cracking is a serious problem in LN crystal growth, often occurring during the cool-down of the grown crystal. The thermal gradients within the crystal during growth determine how much strain is incorporated into the crystal [10,11].

Phys. Chem. 983 ] M. Thirumavalavan et al [ Ferroelectrics (UK) vol. 102 (1990) p. F. G. Norwood, CD. D. Calvert [ J. Cryst. 61 ] D. Cochet-Muchy [ J. Phys. IV, Colloq. 33 ] K. Shigematsu, Y. Anzai, S. Morita, N. Yamada, H. Yokoyama [ Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 1, Regul. Pap. 26 (1987) p. 1988 ] Y. Okano, Y. H. Yoon, K. Hoshikawa, T. Fukuda [ J. Cryst. L. F. Young, R. S. Feigelson [ J. Appl. Phys. M. K. Gallagher, CD. Brandle [ J. Am. Ceram. Soc. C. Rojo, E. Dieguez, JJ. Derby [ J. Cryst. 329 ] T. Tsukada, K.

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