Silicon Photonics: The State of the Art by Graham T. Reed

By Graham T. Reed

Silicon photonics is at present a truly energetic and innovative region of analysis, as silicon optical circuits have emerged because the alternative know-how for copper-based circuits in verbal exchange and broadband networks. The call for for ever enhancing communications and computing functionality maintains, and this in flip signifies that photonic circuits are discovering ever expanding program areas.  this article offers a massive and well timed evaluation of the ‘hot issues’ within the box, overlaying a few of the points of the know-how that shape the learn region of silicon photonics.

With contributions from many of the world’s top researchers in silicon photonics, this ebook collates the most recent advances within the technology.  Silicon Photonics: the nation of the Art opens with a hugely informative foreword, and maintains to feature: 

  • the built-in photonic circuit;
  • silicon photonic waveguides;                         
  • photonic bandgap waveguides;
  • mechanisms for optical modulation in silicon;
  • silicon dependent gentle assets;
  • optical detection applied sciences for silicon photonics;
  • passive silicon photonic units;
  • photonic and digital integration methods;
  • applications in communications and sensors.

Silicon Photonics: the country of the Art covers the basic components of the full box that's silicon photonics and is hence a useful textual content for photonics engineers and pros operating within the fields of optical networks, optical communications, and semiconductor electronics.  it's also an informative reference for graduate scholars learning for PhD in fibre optics, built-in optics, optical networking, microelectronics, or telecommunications.

Chapter 1 advent: The Opto?Electronic built-in Circuit (pages 1–14): Richard Soref
Chapter 2 Silicon Photonic Waveguides (pages 15–46): G. Z. Mashanovich, Professor G. T. Reed, B. D. Timotijevic and S. P. Chan
Chapter three Silicon?Based Photonic Crystal buildings: From layout to attention (pages 47–93): Dennis W. Prather, Shouyuan Shi, Janusz Murakowski, Garrett Schneider, Ahmed Sharkawy, Caihua Chen and BingLin Miao
Chapter four Optical Modulators in Silicon Photonic Circuits (pages 95–145): F. Y. Gardes, Professor G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich and C. E. Png
Chapter five Silicon Lasers (pages 147–189): Bahram Jalali, Dimitris Dimitropoulos, Varun Raghunathan and Sasan Fathpour
Chapter 6 Optical Detection applied sciences for Silicon Photonics (pages 191–227): A. P. Knights and J. D. B. Bradley
Chapter 7 Passive Silicon Photonic units (pages 229–267): Ansheng Liu, Nahum Izhaky and Ling Liao
Chapter eight Integration (pages 269–296): Cary Gunn
Chapter nine Silicon Photonic functions (pages 297–325): Richard Jones, Haisheng Rong, Hai?Feng Liu and Mario Paniccia

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Example text

It has already been considered in [11] by the ray approach. In this text, we will implement a more rigorous analysis, based on Maxwell’s equations. 1. It consists of a high-index dielectric layer with thickness h surrounded on either side by materials with Silicon Photonics: The State of the Art Edited by Graham T. Reed © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 1 Planar waveguide lower refractive index. In other words, the refractive index of the film n f is higher than the refractive index corresponding to the substrate ns and the upper cladding n c .

Wong, ‘Recent advances in CMOS compatible integrated photonics’, invited paper 6125-02, SPIE Proceedings 6125, San Jose, CA, 2006. OTE/SPH OTE/SPH JWBK112-01 JWBK112-Reed 14 March 17, 2008 19:48 Char Count= 0 Silicon Photonics [23] M. J. Grove, ‘Recent advances in CMOS-compatible integrated photonics’, Government Microcircuit Applications and Critical Technologies Conference, San Diego, CA, 2006. [24] J. J. Watkins and D. J. Bishop, ‘Fabrication of sub-45-nm structures for the next generation of devices: a lot of effort for a little device,’ MRS Bulletin Magazine, 30, 2006, 937.

17) where ux is unity vector parallel with x-axis. 20) is a second-order differential equation, and to solve it, additional conditions must be imposed. Therefore, we apply the boundary conditions at the interfaces, which leads to the continuity of Hx and (1/n2 )dHx /dy at the boundary. 25) where γc , γs and kf are positive real numbers. 28) where A, B, C and D are coefficients which can be determined from the boundary conditions. 31) The last boundary condition relation between the first derivatives of Hx (y) at y = −h gives the transcendental equation, from which we can find the propagation constant β.

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