By Edward Petersen
This publication introduces the elemental innovations essential to comprehend unmarried occasion phenomena which can reason random functionality blunders and catastrophic mess ups to electronics units. As miniaturization of electronics elements advances, electronics elements are extra weak within the radiation setting. The ebook features a dialogue of the radiation environments in area and within the surroundings, radiation cost prediction counting on the orbit to permit electronics engineers to layout and choose radiation tolerant elements and structures, and unmarried occasion prediction.Content:
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–12):
Chapter 2 Foundations of unmarried occasion research and Prediction (pages 13–76):
Chapter three Optimizing Heavy Ion Experiments for research (pages 77–102):
Chapter four Optimizing Proton trying out (pages 103–109):
Chapter five information Qualification and Interpretation (pages 111–164):
Chapter 6 research of assorted sorts of SEU information (pages 165–250):
Chapter 7 Cosmic Ray unmarried occasion expense Calculations (pages 251–303):
Chapter eight Proton unmarried occasion fee Calculations (pages 305–328):
Chapter nine Neutron caused dissatisfied (pages 329–336):
Chapter 10 Upsets Produced via Heavy Ion Nuclear Reactions (pages 337–343):
Chapter eleven Samples of Heavy Ion price Prediction (pages 345–370):
Chapter 12 Samples of Proton price Predictions (pages 371–374):
Chapter thirteen mixed Environments (pages 375–387):
Chapter 14 Samples of sun occasions and severe occasions (pages 389–393):
Chapter 15 disillusioned premiums in impartial Particle Beam (NPB) Environments (pages 395–400):
Chapter sixteen Predictions and Observations of SEU premiums in house (pages 401–427):
Chapter 17 obstacles of the IRPP strategy (pages 429–434):
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Additional resources for Single Event Effects in Aerospace
2 The Magnetosphere, Cosmic Ray, and Trapped Particle Motion The Earth’s magnetosphere consists of both an external and an internal magnetic ﬁeld. The external ﬁeld is the result of the solar wind. The internal or geomagnetic ﬁeld originates primarily from within the Earth and is approximately a dipole ﬁeld. Figure 2-8 shows how the solar wind and its imbedded magnetic ﬁeld tend to compress the geomagnetic ﬁeld. The solar wind generally ﬂows around the geomagnetic ﬁeld. Figure 2-9 shows the geomagnetic ﬁeld, which is approximately dipolar for altitudes of up to about 4 or 5 Earth radii.
The heavy nuclei are the dominant source of single event upsets down to roughly 85,000 ft and should be considered down to 60,000 ft [Tsao 1984, Hands 2009]. Figure 2-53 shows the attenuation of the cosmic rays as they enter the atmosphere. The heavy ions with large cross sections are rapidly attenuated. Figure 2-54 shows how the number of heavy ions varies with altitude and cutoff rigidity. The top of the atmosphere is at approximately 150,000 feet. Figure 2-55 shows the general nature of cosmic ray showers.
They are plots of the daily solar proton ﬂuences measured by the Interplanetary Monitoring Platform-8 (IMP-8) and Geostationary Operational Environment 48 CHAPTER 2 Foundations of Single Event Analysis and Prediction Daily Proton Fluence (p/cm2-sr) 1×1010 Solar Min. Solar Max. Solar Min. Solar Max. Solar Min. Solar Max. 88 MeV protons due to solar particle events between approximately 1974 and 2002 [Bourdarie 2008]. Copyright © 2008 IEEE. Satellites (GOES) over an approximately 28-year period. 5 MeV ﬂuences.