By Jan Lundqvist, Ulrik Lohm, Malin Falkenmark
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Additional resources for Strategies for River Basin Management: Environmental Integration of Land and Water in a River Basin
However, in certain situations, where flood control measures and outputs from the system such as nutrients, pesticides or discharge may have effects beyond the specified bounds of the basin, the system may have to be expanded as needed to cover certain other specified but limited functional components. Taking the river as the axis of the natural system, the following six physical subsystems can be identified (Fig 2) in a stylized trop ical river system: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Upstream watershed system, including upland forests and agriculture; The reservoir sub-system and the drawdown area, the associated lake perimeter population and its activities; The downstream catchment sub-system; The urban and industrial sub-system; The irrigation su b-system, and The estuarine and coastal zone sub-system.
A watershed development approach to the eutrophication problem of Lake Balaton, A multiregional and multicriteria model. Collaborative Paper, CP-79-16, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria 1979. : Interactive analysis of river basin-water project development. Paper presented to the IV World Congress on Water Resources, Buenos Aires 1982. ; Hansen, D. : Multi-objective decision analysis with engineering and business applications. john Wiley and Sons, New York 1982. Keeney, R. ; Wood, E. : Evaluating Tisza River Basin Development Plans Using Multiattribute Utility Theory.
If there is a health-water level relationship, what measures could be taken to render health independent of water level? On the basis of such an initial set of questions, a listing of potential management interventions can be evolved. Exploration can also be undertaken of how the ramifications of a management action may be transmitted through the system .. Fig 4 traces a possible set of chain reactions through a sub-system as a result of a management intervention. Examination of such flow diagrams combined with sensitivity analysis enable exploration of critical areas where further information on system behaviour (key research questions) would be useful in management decisions.