The Brazilian Amazon: Politics, Science and International by Joana Bezerra

By Joana Bezerra

The goal of this e-book is to examine the present improvement situation within the Amazon, utilizing Terra Preta de Índio as a case examine. to take action it is important to return in time, either within the nationwide and foreign sphere, in the course of the moment 1/2 the final century to examine its trajectory. will probably be both vital examine the present concerns concerning the Amazon – sustainable improvement and weather switch – and the way they nonetheless reproduce a number of the difficulties that marked the historical past of the wooded area, similar to the absence of Amazonian darkish earths as a appropriate topic to the Amazon.

​In a global during which the surroundings earnings whenever extra space within the nationwide and overseas political schedule, the Amazon stands proud. identified all over the world for its richness, the South-American wooded area is the objective of alternative visions, usually contradictory ones, and it performs with everyone’s mind's eye. this can be the place the terra preta de índio – Amazonian darkish Earths - are stumbled on, a fertile soil horizon with excessive concentrations of carbon with anthropic origins, which has generated nice curiosity from the medical neighborhood. reviews on those soils and their so singular features have brought on an important discussions at the earlier, current and the way forward for the complete Amazon sector. regardless of its singular features, the significance of Amazonian darkish Earths – and a background of a extra efficient and populated Amazon – used to be hidden considering its discovery round 1880 until eventually 1980, whilst it really is attainable to spot the start of a rise within the variety of study on those soil horizons. those hundred years among the 1st documents and the start of the rise within the curiosity round those soils witnessed structural alterations either within the nationwide enviornment, with the army dictatorship and a transformation within the position of the Amazon inside of inner affairs, and within the foreign enviornment with adjustments that reshaped the position of our surroundings within the political and scientific

agendas and the position of Brazil within the worldwide context.

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Extra resources for The Brazilian Amazon: Politics, Science and International Relations in the History of the Forest

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Tópicos em Ciência do solo. Viçosa, v. VI, p. 277–320 Kern D, Dáquino G, Rodrigues T, Frazão F, Sombroek W, Meyers T, Neves E (2003) Distribution of amazonian dark earths in the Brazilian Amazon. ) Amazonian dark earths: origin, properties, management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 51–75 Lathrap D (1968) The “hunting” economies of the tropical forest zone of South America. In: Lee R, De Vore I (eds) Man the Hunter. Aldine, Chicago, pp 23–30 Lima H, Schaefer CER, Mello JWV, Gilkes RJ, Ker JC (2002) Pedogenesis and pre-Colombian Land Use of “Terra Preta Anthrosols” (“Indian Black Earth”) of Western Amazonia.

Tópicos em Ciência do solo. Viçosa, v. VI, p. 277–320 Kern D, Dáquino G, Rodrigues T, Frazão F, Sombroek W, Meyers T, Neves E (2003) Distribution of amazonian dark earths in the Brazilian Amazon. ) Amazonian dark earths: origin, properties, management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 51–75 Lathrap D (1968) The “hunting” economies of the tropical forest zone of South America. In: Lee R, De Vore I (eds) Man the Hunter. Aldine, Chicago, pp 23–30 Lima H, Schaefer CER, Mello JWV, Gilkes RJ, Ker JC (2002) Pedogenesis and pre-Colombian Land Use of “Terra Preta Anthrosols” (“Indian Black Earth”) of Western Amazonia.

The Amazon covers 40 % of the Brazilian territory and it expands seven million square kilometres in South America (Neves 2006), an extension almost the size of the European continent. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015 J. 1007/978-3-319-23030-6_2 15 16 2 Terra Preta de Índio and Amazonian History The Amazon, one of the last resource frontiers of the world, presented a contradiction. The region was known for having poor soils and yet had a large fauna and flora diversity. The richness was found above ground.

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