The Cambridge history of Japan by Kozo Yamamura

By Kozo Yamamura

«Кембриджская история» – результат совместных трудов ведущих специалистов по японской истории и культуре. Издание объединило на своих страницах все имеющееся на сегодняшний день знание о Японии. Шесть томов «Истории» охватывают исторический период с eight в. до н.э. по наши дни, освещая практически все аспекты японской культуры: религиозные верования, ритуалы, искусство, архитектуру, народное творчество, политику и экономику.
Это издание – настоящая находка для всех тех, кто интересуется историей культуры и истории, а в частности – японской.

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The Cambridge history of Japan

«Кембриджская история» – результат совместных трудов ведущих специалистов по японской истории и культуре. Издание объединило на своих страницах все имеющееся на сегодняшний день знание о Японии. Шесть томов «Истории» охватывают исторический период с eight в. до н. э. по наши дни, освещая практически все аспекты японской культуры: религиозные верования, ритуалы, искусство, архитектуру, народное творчество, политику и экономику.

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Varley notes that whereas the cultural achievements of the Kamakura age were the product of courtiers, the Muromachi period saw a tremendous outpouring of military patronage. In particular, he credits Yoshimitsu, the third Ashikaga shogun, with the cultural flowering of the Kitayama epoch (1368-1408). The effect of his patronage, Varley argues, was most evident in the development of noh drama which under Yoshimitsu's protege, Zeami, became the refined and courtly art we know today. " Varley supports this view by noting that Yoshimitsu institutionalized a calendar of formal events mimicking that of the imperial court.

His view is buttressed by such examples as the Pure Land teachings of Honen and Shinran which did not restrict salvation to those with specialized religious training. Osumi observes that for the first time, ordinary people could attain enlightenment in the next world through simple chants (nembutsu) or through faith. He notes that Nichiren's teachings also appealed to ordinary people, because by propounding a "this-world" form of salvation, Nichiren was able to offer guidance and hope for everyday life.

Whether or not the process of transition that has begun will gain sufficient momentum to challenge the Marxist framework and rewrite the history of the medieval centuries remains to be demonstrated. Except for the few instances noted, serious professional study of medieval Japanese history by scholars writing in English did not begin until after World War II. What works were available in the prewar years were limited to naive accounts based on translations of the great Japanese historical narratives such as the Heike monogatari or Azuma kagami.

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