By Kozo Yamamura
«Кембриджская история» – результат совместных трудов ведущих специалистов по японской истории и культуре. Издание объединило на своих страницах все имеющееся на сегодняшний день знание о Японии. Шесть томов «Истории» охватывают исторический период с eight в. до н.э. по наши дни, освещая практически все аспекты японской культуры: религиозные верования, ритуалы, искусство, архитектуру, народное творчество, политику и экономику.
Это издание – настоящая находка для всех тех, кто интересуется историей культуры и истории, а в частности – японской.
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In 1853, few jap humans knew nation referred to as the US even existed.
for hundreds of years, Japan had remoted itself from the skin international by way of refusing to alternate with different nations or even refusing to assist shipwrecked sailors, overseas or jap. The country's humans nonetheless lived lower than a feudal method like that of Europe within the center a while. yet every thing started to switch while American Commodore Perry and his troops sailed to the Land of the emerging solar, bringing with them new technological know-how and expertise, and a brand new lifestyle.
«Кембриджская история» – результат совместных трудов ведущих специалистов по японской истории и культуре. Издание объединило на своих страницах все имеющееся на сегодняшний день знание о Японии. Шесть томов «Истории» охватывают исторический период с eight в. до н. э. по наши дни, освещая практически все аспекты японской культуры: религиозные верования, ритуалы, искусство, архитектуру, народное творчество, политику и экономику.
The 12 months 1543 marked the start of a brand new international awareness in Japan with the coming of shipwrecked Portuguese retailers on Tanegashima Island in southern Japan. different Portuguese quickly and Japan turned conscious of an international past India. After the retailers got here the 1st missionary Francis Xavier in 1549, starting the Christian century in Japan.
Extra resources for The Cambridge history of Japan
Varley notes that whereas the cultural achievements of the Kamakura age were the product of courtiers, the Muromachi period saw a tremendous outpouring of military patronage. In particular, he credits Yoshimitsu, the third Ashikaga shogun, with the cultural flowering of the Kitayama epoch (1368-1408). The effect of his patronage, Varley argues, was most evident in the development of noh drama which under Yoshimitsu's protege, Zeami, became the refined and courtly art we know today. " Varley supports this view by noting that Yoshimitsu institutionalized a calendar of formal events mimicking that of the imperial court.
His view is buttressed by such examples as the Pure Land teachings of Honen and Shinran which did not restrict salvation to those with specialized religious training. Osumi observes that for the first time, ordinary people could attain enlightenment in the next world through simple chants (nembutsu) or through faith. He notes that Nichiren's teachings also appealed to ordinary people, because by propounding a "this-world" form of salvation, Nichiren was able to offer guidance and hope for everyday life.
Whether or not the process of transition that has begun will gain sufficient momentum to challenge the Marxist framework and rewrite the history of the medieval centuries remains to be demonstrated. Except for the few instances noted, serious professional study of medieval Japanese history by scholars writing in English did not begin until after World War II. What works were available in the prewar years were limited to naive accounts based on translations of the great Japanese historical narratives such as the Heike monogatari or Azuma kagami.